# Bookkeeping

2022.02.01
Variable Cost Explained in 200 Words & How to Calculate It

One of the best ways to calculate prices is based on your target profit margin. A profit margin is a ratio, typically written as a percentage, that indicates how much money your business makes from sales. Of course, you want to sell high-quality items, but production should be efficient enough that you don’t pass along too great a cost to your customers.

The main advantage to using a percentage of sales is that the marketing budget will increase, or decrease, with the sales revenue of the company. The marketing budget will never spin out of control and deplete sales revenue. Along with variable costs, you also have fixed costs that do not change based on your sales volume. In other words, you’ll have the same fixed cost whether you sell 100 products or 100,000 products. These expenses are integral to your business, and you need to cover them in your product pricing and sales.

1. Cost unit is the base unit that is required for buying the least amount of a given product where as unit cost is the least cost to purchase a unit of a product.
2. All this might be a stretch if your budget can’t cater to a huge team or if you don’t have the time to supervise them.
3. Then, planning and managing campaigns is even more time and resource-intensive.
4. It’s often used interchangeably with “reach,” but it’s crucial to understand the difference between the two.

Average cost per unit of production is equal to total cost of production divided by the number of units produced. Especially over the long-term, average cost normalizes the cost per unit of production. It also smooths out fluctuations caused by seasonal demand changes or differing levels of production efficiency. In simplest terms, fixed costs are the expenses that do not change over a set time. The variable cost component is comprised of expenses that fluctuate with changes in production levels.

While you can always try to get customers to spend more (or you can charge them more money), the root cause of low margins is often high costs for the business. For Greg and many other retail businesses, success is heavily reliant on having a profitable cost per unit — and half of that battle is keeping your costs low. WareIQ is backed by leading global investors including Y Combinator, Funders Club, Flexport, Pioneer Fund, Soma Capital, and Emles Venture Partner.

## Marketing Budget as a Percentage of Revenue

This way, you can price your goods competitively, and still secure decent sales margins. A low per-unit cost is an indicator of efficient production and logistics, which ensures profit is being made per sale. Of course, quality plays a role, as higher quality or premium goods typically cost more to produce than less durable or cheaper materials. In this article, we will define cost per unit, explain why it is important, show how to calculate it, and offer actionable tips to reduce your cost per unit. While Greg can mark up the price of his candles (charging customers more than his competitor), he knows he should identify ways to reduce his costs to have a healthier margin. In February 2022, the variable cost incurred was \$3,000, which includes raw materials, electricity, and labour.

## Why Are KPIs Important to Your Marketing Plan?

Managing fixed and variable costs of production becomes very important as the companies looking to implement different strategies to manage their unit costs. For example, the total cost of a cement company is \$30,000 to produce 10,000 units, the unit costs of production will be \$3 each. To calculate the per unit overhead costs under ABC, the costs assigned marketing cost per unit to each product are divided by the number of units produced. In this case, the unit cost for a hollow center ball is \$0.52 and the unit cost for a solid center ball is \$0.44. An alternative method is to compare total costs for various road spacings. The total cost method has become less laborious with the use of programmable calculators and microcomputers.

## Total Variable Cost vs. Average Variable Cost

You can do so by optimising product sourcing, finding lower-cost manufacturers, and/or finding suppliers located closer to you. Companies cannot simply just roughly estimate per unit cost https://accounting-services.net/ in the professional business environment and set retail prices for the goods manufactured. This does not allow the company to know the cost per unit of the total goods manufactured.

Having a process for SKU rationalization also helps you understand if a product is profitable or not. If the costs (and subsequent sales) don’t justify supporting a particular product, then it’s time to discontinue it. While the cost per unit refers to how much you spend to deliver one unit, the price per unit refers to how much you charge customers for each item sold. Calculating cost per unit is also important, because it gives ecommerce companies an idea of how much they should charge for each of their products to be profitable. For example, the total fixed cost will help with budgeting and pricing.

Here at Someka, we work hard to make useful Marketing Dashboard Templates. With this experience, we are proud to present you the most used marketing KPIs and what they mean. Here is how ShipBob can turn your logistics operations into a revenue driver.

Whichever approach is taken, a formal budget will help define the marketing needs of any company. Establish a detailed marketing budget prior to the start of each fiscal year, and annually make any changes to parallel the growth or decline of the company. Monitor marketing costs and results throughout the year to better determine the effectiveness of your budget. Manage your marketing well, and you just might find yourself in the enviable position of figuring out how to manage high revenues.

The first step when calculating the cost involved in making a product is to determine the fixed costs. However, you also use have a water expense that arises from running your production facility (for drinking, restrooms, etc.). Once you understand the difference between fixed and variable costs, classify each of your business’s costs. Many costs, such as the examples mentioned above, will be easy to classify. We divide the price of certain number of units of an item by the number of units to find the unit price of that item.

## How Much Should You Spend On Marketing

If there is an increased output, total variable costs will increase proportionately but the fixed cost per unit will come down. Fixed costs are spread across all units, thus, for many offerings, the greater the number of units, the lower the average cost. They are variable costs, as their use in production vary with the level of output. Whether you produce 1 unit or 10,000, these costs will be about the same each month. The following is an example problem for calculating the cost per ounce or cost per unit of weight for any product or good. A cost per ounce is the total cost to produce a unit per weight of a unit made in ounces.

Focusing on SEO can help you boost your website rankings in the search engines. SEO is an ongoing process, so while you might pay more upfront to create campaigns and build your site, you will see more ROI down the road. SEO services costs range from \$1500-\$7500 per month to \$100-\$150 per hour to \$5000-\$35,000 per project. Marketing agency costs range anywhere from \$900 to \$20,000 per month on average. Marketing agencies also fulfill contract requirements that are based on the client’s goals.

You’ll need to sell 600 cups of coffee every month if you want your business to be profitable. If you divide that by roughly 30 days in a month, you’ll need to sell 20 cups of coffee per day in order to break-even. A marketing agency is a company of trained individuals who create, plan, and execute advertising strategies and related content on behalf of businesses. Sometimes, when businesses introduce new products, they intentionally set the price low. In this case, they flood the market and gain market share in the hopes that customers will continue buying their product if they like it. You can use a break-even calculator or spreadsheet to factor in the total variable and fixed costs and then divide them by the projected pricing volume.

By analyzing marketing initiatives’ ROI, you can identify your most profitable tactics, allocate resources more effectively, and make decisions that maximize your budget. You calculate it by dividing the number of conversions by the total number of visitors and then multiplying that by 100. For example, if your website receives 1,000 visitors and 50 of them complete a purchase, the conversion rate is five percent. You can track and measure CPC using tools like Google Ads that provide real-time advertising performance data. With constantly evolving online platforms and channels, you must ensure you’re up to date on market trends and consumer behaviors. HubSpot found that 91% of markets plan to increase or maintain their investment in YouTube next year.